Montessori workshops are offered on Wednesday morning for children aged 3 to 4. These workshops are intended to promote the autonomy of the child to develop his/her motor skills.
The pedagogy of Maria Montessori
Maria Montessori (1870-1952) was the first female doctor in Italy. She has a degree in psychology, philosophy and natural sciences.
Her pedagogy is based on the need of the child to self-educate by doing things autonomously as he learned to walk or talk, driven by the need and desire to learn.
To meet this need, Maria Montessori designed equipment suitable for children, to act by themselves, without being compared to others.
The proposed material is concrete, progressive and accurate, in a single copy. Each child will handle as many times as he wants at his own pace.
The method of choice
During the workshops, the children decide themselves what to do. The teacher is not involved in their choice.
When the material is selected, the child can sit wherever they want and handle the equipment as they wish. They may also decide to look at others without selecting activities.
The child chooses its place, equipment and work time.
This freedom stops in the concerns of respect for life of the group. The child must store the equipment where found and as found.
Each material is only available in one copy.
This choice allows you to develop:
- Repetition: the child is free to work as many times as desired. This answers to a need for construction. He or she experiments, confirms their impressions, coordinates movements, validates or rejects their assumptions. The working stops when at the end of his needs.
- Concentration: freedom and repetition shows a high level of concentration. His concentration changes as the equipment becomes increasingly complex.
- Will: free choice allows children to follow at their own pace. When the child touches again and again the same exercise, he exercises his will. The activity is initiated by the child and not by the teacher.
- Self-discipline: free to act, the sole purpose is to find an activity that meets his needs. The self-discipline emerges from the concentration and freedom, not from authority and coercion.
During the workshops, some rules must be respected:
- Movements are controlled
- Verbal acts are in a low voice
- Equipment is taken and returned to the same place
- The material must be removed
- The teacher can help, the other children too, or a child can take care of himself (the material is self-correcting)
- The material can be taken only if it was presented by the teacher